Dr. Yaolin Xu

Topics of research

My research interest focus on the fundamental mechanism of electrochemical reactions and charge transport processes in batteries.

Professional career

– Sep. 2021 – present,

DAAD-PRIME Research Fellow working on solid-state lithium metal batteries at Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany. (Supervisor: Prof. Philipp Adelhelm) & Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, US (Supervisor: Prof. Yang Shao-Horn)

– Sep. 2019 – Aug. 2021,

Humboldt Research Fellow working on lithium metal anodes at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Berlin, Germany. (Supervisor: Prof. Yan Lu)

– Oct. 2018 – Aug. 2019,

postdoctoral researcher working on aqueous lithium and zinc ion batteries at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Berlin, Germany. (Supervisor: Prof. Yan Lu)

Jan. 2014 – May 2018,

Ph.D research on anode materials for lithium and sodium ion batteries at Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands. (Supervisor: Prof. Fokko M. Mulder)

– Sep. 2013 – Dec. 2013,

research intern on fabrication and test of nickel-iron batteries at E-Stone Batteries & Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands. (Supervisors: Prof. Fokko M. Mulder & Thomas van Dijk)

– Nov. 2012 – Aug. 2013,

academic assistant working on molecular layer deposition at Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands. (Supervisor: Prof. J. Ruud. van Ommen) May 2012 –  Jul. 2013, Master Thesis project on anode materials for Ni-MH Batteries at Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands. (Supervisor: Prof. Fokko M. Mulder)


Q. Lu, Y. Jie, X. Meng, A. Omar, D. Mikhailova, R. Cao, S. Jiao, Y. Lu, Y. Xu*, Carbon materials for stable Li metal anodes: Challenges, solutions, and outlook, Carbon Energy, in press. DOI: 10.1002/cey2.147

Y. Xu, F.M. Mulder*, Non-alloy Mg based anode for Ni-MH batteries: multiple approaches towards a stable cycling performance, Int. J. Hydrog. Energy, 46 (2021), 19542-19553.

K. Dong, Y. Xu, J. Tan, M. Osenberg, F. Sun, Z. Kochovski, D.T. Pham, S. Mei, A. Hilger, E. Ryan, Y. Lu*, J. Banhart, I. Manke*, Unveiling the Lithium Nucleation and Growth Mechanism and the Correlation with the Solid Electrolyte Interface, ACS Energy Lett. 6 (2021) 1719−1728.

T. Quan, E Härk, Y. Xu, I. Ahmet, C. Höhn, S. Mei, Y. Lu*, Unveiling the Formation of Solid Electrolyte Interphase and its Temperature Dependence in “Water-in-Salt” Supercapacitors, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (13) 2021, 3979–3990.

D. Xie, S. Mei, Y. Xu, T. Quan, E. Härk, Z. Kochovski, Yan Lu*, Efficient Sulfur Host Based on Yolk‐Shell Iron Oxide/Sulfide‐Carbon Nanospindles for Lithium‐Sulfur Batteries, ChemSusChem (14) 2021, 1404.

T. Quan, Y. Xu*, M. Tovar, N. Goubard-Bretesché, Z. Li, Z. Kochovski, H. Kirmse, K. Skrodczky  S. Mei, H. Yu, D. Abou-Ras, M. Wagemaker, Y. Lu*, Hollow MoS3 nanospheres as electrode material for “water-in-salt” Li-ion batteries, Batteries & Supercaps 3 (2020), 747-756.

T. Schwietert, V. Arszelewska, C. Yu, C. Wang, A. Vasileiadis, N.J.J. de Klerk, J. Hageman, T. Hupfer, I. Kerkamm, Y. Xu, E. van der Maas, E.M. Kelder, S. Ganapathy and M. Wagemaker*, Clarifying the relationship between redox activity and electrochemical stability in solid electrolytes, Nat. Mater., 19 (2020), 428–435.

X. Meng, Y. Xu, H. Cao, X. Lin, P. Ning, Y. Zhang, Y. Gonzalez-Garcia, Z. Sun*, Internal failure of anode materials for lithium-ion batteries – a critical reivew, Green Energy Environ. 5 (2020), 22-36.

Z. Li, S. Ganapathy, Y. Xu, Z. Zhou, M. Sarilar, M. Wagemaker*, Mechanistic Insight into the Electrochemical Performance of Zn/VO2 Batteries with an Aqueous ZnSO4 Electrolyte, Adv. Energy Mater., (2019), 1900237.

D. Klein, Y. Xu, R. Schlögl, S. Cap*, Low Reversible Capacity of Nitridated Titanium Electrical Terminals, Batteries, 5 (2019), 17.

Y. Xu, D.M. Borsa, F.M. Mulder*, Engineering the Direct Deposition of Si Nanoparticles for Improved Performance in Li-Ion Batteries, J. Electrochem. Soc., 166 (2019), A5252-A5258.

Y. Xu, F.M. Mulder*, TiF3 Catalyzed MgH2 as a Li/Na Ion Battery Anode. ‎Int. J. Hydrog. Energy, 43 (2018), 20033-20040.

S. Lv, T. Verhallen, A. Vasileiadis, F. Ooms, Y. Xu, Z. Li, Z. Li, M. Wagemaker*, Operando Monitoring the Lithium Spatial Distribution in Lithium Metal Anodes, Nat. Commun., 9 (2018), 2152.

Y. Xu, A.S. Menon, S. Unnikrishnan, P.P.R.M.L. Harks, D.C. Hermes, L.A. Haverkate, F.M. Mulder*, Honeycomb-like Porous 3D nickel Electrodeposition for Stable Li and Na metal Anodes, Energy Storage Mater., 12 (2018), 69-78.

Y. Xu, B. Peng, F.M. Mulder*, An Ultrastable Na ion Anode Based on A Novel Sn4P3-P@graphene Nanocomposite, Adv. Energy Mater., 8 (2018), 1701847.

Z. Li, S. Ganapathy, Y. Xu, Q. Zhu, W. Chen, I. Kochetkov, C. George, L.F. Nazar, M. Wagemaker*, Fe2O3 Nanoparticle Seed Catalysts Enhance Cyclability on Deep (Dis)charge in Aprotic Li-O2 Batteries, Adv. Energy Mater., 8 (2018), 1703513.

Y. Xu, E. Swaans, S. Chen, S. Basak, P.P.R.M.L. Harks, B. Peng, H.W. Zandbergen, D.M. Borsa, F.M. Mulder*, A High-performance Li-ion Anode from Direct Deposition of Si Nanoparticles, Nano Energy, 38 (2017), 477-485.

B. Peng, Y. Xu, K. Liu, X. Wang, F.M. Mulder*, High-performance and Low-Cost Sodium-Ion Anode Based on A Facile Black Phosphorus – Carbon Nanocomposite, ChemElectroChem, 4 (2017), 2140-2144.

B. Peng, Y. Xu, F.M. Mulder*, Improving the Performance of Si-Based Li-Ion Battery Anodes by Utilizing Phosphorene Encapsulation, Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 33 (2017), 2127-2132.

B. Peng, Y. Xu, X. Wang, X. Shi, F.M. Mulder*, The Electrochemical Performance of Super P Carbon Black in Reversible Li/Na Ion Uptake, Sci. China: Phys., Mech. Astron., 60 (2017), 064611.

Z. Li, S. Ganapathy, Y. Xu, J. R. Heringa, Q. Zhu, W. Chen, M. Wagemaker*, Understanding the Electrochemical Formation and Decomposition of Li2O2 and LiOH with Operando X-ray Diffraction, Chem. Mater. , 29 (2017), 1577-1586.

Y. Xu, E. Swaans, S. Basak, H.W. Zandbergen, D.M. Borsa, F.M. Mulder*, Reversible Na-Ion Uptake in Si Nanoparticles, Adv. Energy Mater., 6 (2016), 1501436. S.A. Vasudevan, Y. Xu, S. Karwal, H.G.M.E. van Ostaay, G.M.H. Meesters, M. Talebi, E.J.R. Sudhölter, J.R. van Ommen*, Controlled Release from Protein Particles Encapsulated by Molecular Layer Deposition, Chem. Commun., 51 (2015), 12540-12543.

Educational background

 Doctoral degree

Jan. 2014 – May 2018, Ph.D., Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands (Supervisor: Prof. Fokko M. Mulder)

Master’s degree

Sep. 2011 – Jul. 2013, Mater of Science (M.Sc.) in Sustainable Energy Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands (Supervisor: Prof. Fokko M. Mulder)

Bachelor’s degree

Sep. 2007 – Jun. 2011, Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Physics, Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China (Supervisor: Prof. Xiang Zheng)